Students have to show "financial need" to receive some types of federal, state, and private financial aid.
When a student completes the FAFSA, the Federal Department of Education uses a formula to determine a student's Expected Family Contribution (EFC).
The Financial Aid Office uses your EFC number to determine your eligibility for different types of financial aid. Find more information on the EFC.
Need-based aid is financial aid you can receive if you have financial need and meet other eligibility criteria. You can't accept more need-based aid than the amount of your financial need.
The following are examples of federal need-based student aid programs:
The following are examples of federal non-need-based student aid programs: